Dental Bone Graft During Dental Implant Surgery
The necessity for a dental bone graft depends on the jaw bone anatomy. Replacing missing bone or adding mass to existing bone is often essential to the success of a dental implant. An implant needs a critical mass of bone surrounding it in order to bind (oseointgrate) to it and deliver sufficient strength and stability.
If in the location where the implants sre intended there is low mass of bone (width or height) a bone graft must be applied in order to maintain this critical bone mass.
Lack of height or width of the bone might have been caused by:
- missing teeth- with no teeth in the bone the tissue is not stimulated and there fore bone absorption accrues over time.
- Trauma- any incident causing bone loss.
- periodontal Disease- or infection that affected the bone mass.
- Genetics- simply being born with that specific jaw bone anatomy.
The dental bone graft procedure usually takes place during implant surgery. During this process while the bone is exposed bone graft material is added to the site.
B-graft material looks like graded cheese or "white colored parmesan".
There are 3 typical types of bone graft material