Dental Implant Types
Dental implant types? How many can there be?
Is there a real difference between dental implant types?
The answer is - yes
Dental implants can be categorized in a number of ways:
- By size: Wide, standard or narrow (mini) dental implants
- By the shape of the connection on the top of the implant: internal or external hexagon, octagon, etc.
- By the material used : titanium, zircon
- By the stages of the implant: one stage or two stage
- By the manufacturer (Noble Biocare, Zimmer Dental Implants, Biomet 3i..and more)
The most commonly used category of dental implant types is the stages used for the implant procedure.
Dental implant types can be categorized in additional ways:
- The 2 stage dental implants:
The 2 stage procedure begins with the surgery.
This is the process in which the dental implant (the "screw") is placed into the jaw bone.
During this procedure the implant is screwed all the way down so that the top surface of the implant is exactly flush with the surface of the bone.
The soft tissue of the gum is sewed up and there is nothing visible.
After the surgery has healed (this amount of time depends on the individual patient and is usually several months) the dentist will again perform minor surgery, exposing the top of the implant.
At this point the abutment will be connected and the restoration of the implant will begin.
The end of the appointment sees the patient going home with the abutment attached.
There is a short healing period again (much shorter and not painful) and the job is done!
The link below will show you what the 2 stage dental implant procedure looks like - 2 stage procedure pictures
- The single stage dental implant:
The single stage dental implant procedure was designed to avoid the second surgery.
In this surgery, the implant (which is a longer one) is placed into the jawbone with the top extending over the bone and at the level of the soft tissue.
At the end of the procedure, after the soft tissue is sewn up, the head of the screw is visible.
In this case, there is no need for the second surgery after the healing is complete and the abutment can be attached and the restoration process can begin.
Both types of implants have the same rate of success (98%).
The only difference is the choice that the dentist makes, generally based on his comfort and his past experience.
If the dentist asks you to make the choice the only difference to consider is that the single stage is shorter and slightly less painful.
But either way - the success rate is the same.
- Companies: Manufacturers Summary , Nobel Biocare, Zimmer Dental Implants, Straumann, Biomet 3I, BioHorizons
- Type of head of the implant- internal hexagon, external hexagon, octagon, etc.
- Material: Titanium, zircon.
- Size: standard, Wide platform or mini dental implants.
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