Osseointegration is a phenomena where a bone biologically bonds to a titanium element(ex. dental implant). This phenomena was discovered in 1952 by a Swedish professor of orthopedics named Branemark who found that titanium (a very strong and non-corrosive metal) attaches itself to bone when it is implanted in it. During one of his experiments he embedded a titanium device into rabbits' leg bones to study bone healing.
After a few months he tried to remove these expensive devices and when he couldn't he noticed that bone had attached itself to the metal.
He eventually decided that the mouth was far more practical than leg experiments as it was easier to watch the progress and there were more toothless people than people with serious joint problems.
He called the attachment of the titanium to the bone as osseointegration and in 1965 he used the first titanium dental implant into a human volunteer.
Over the next few years he published a lot of research on the use of titanium dental implants and in 1978 he commercialized for the development and marketing of his titanium dental implants and today over 7 million implants under his brand name( Nobel Biocare ) have been placed. Needless to say there are other dental implant companies that have used his patent.
Looking at the technology involved and the high success rates of dental implants now days, you find it hard to believe that the discovery of osseointegration goes back only 40 years.
Osseointegration - In the image on the right you can see how bone grew around the dental implant and bonded to it!!!
Dental implants video:
This is what a dental implant looks like when it's placed in the jaw bone.
So . what is Osseointegration ? I hope we've answered that question!
Now we suggest you go from Osseointegration page to the
so you can get an idea of what to expect when you go for your dental implants.