Types Of Dental Implant Platform Widths

Types Of Dental Implant Platform Widths

When planning a dental implant case the dentist must take many considerations into account, both aesthetics – and functionality of the results. When thinking about the functionality of the teeth being replaced, the dentist must understand the biomechanical processes that will occur in the mouth of the patient, while eating, talking and even sleeping.

A common theory for dental implant procedures states that for best results, a dentist should place the longest and widest implant that the bone can accommodate. This is not as easy as it sounds because an implant must not disturb the roots or underlying nerves and bones of the healthy, natural teeth surrounding it, and must be compatible with the tissue and bone into which it will be inserted.

The physiology of our jaw bone usually dictates different types of dental implant platform widths to be used in different places in our mouth. The use of shorter and narrower implants is typical for the area in the front of our mouth. The use of a standard platform dental implant – of 3.5 to 4.2 mm in diameter in the front of our mouth should be sufficient to hold the restored implant.

mini dental implants

If the space between 2 teeth is too narrow, a narrow platform implant can be used. The narrow implant varies anywhere from 2.0 to 3.5 mm in diameter and is also known as mini dental implants.

wide platform dental implant

In the back of our mouth (premolars and molars) where the lateral forces are the greatest and the strength of the tooth is key, a dentist will tend to use wide platform dental implants ranging in diameter anywhere from 4.5 – 6 mm. Using a wide platform enables the dentist to build a strong, stable tooth supported by the thick and deep bone that can withhold the forces and pressures that are present in this part of our mouth.

Variation from such “recommended” size occurs frequently, particularly in cases where the bone is too narrow or weak, or where root or spatial limitations are present. Concerns about the potential for failure of the osseointegration process will also guide a dental implant dentist in choosing between the different types of dental implant platform widths.

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